Senin, 11 April 2011

DAYAK CULTURE

DAYAK CULTURE
  • LONG HOUSE 
Almost all people except Dayak Dayak Dayak forgiveness and Meratus, has a long house in the past. Long house trailer is a combination or single houses of the Dayak people in one village. Long house built for unity or strength of the villagers is concentrated, when faced with attacks from outside the village or outside the group (Kayau) or wild animal attacks. Longhouse in houses on stilts built in a way that extends. All material long house made of hard wood such as ironwood or purchase. Starting from the shingle (wooden roof), pole, frame, wall, floor to the stairs. Our times remaining longhouses have very little. Generally longhouse residents in unloading because tenants have chosen to build a single dwelling house. Dayak Punan Dayak is the oldest tribes inhabiting Borneo. Based on measured data of carbon contained in fossil skeleton ever found in the Niah Cave Sarawak Malaysia [8] [9] note that the skull is very similar to the Dayak Punan skull has reached 40,000 years old. So with the assumption that the skull is actually the skull Dayak forgiveness, then it is clear that the Dayak Punan tribe is one of the ancestors of Nations after assimilating with Borneo Dayak tribe Dayak ancestors who came from Yunnan. By knowing how her parents the presence of Dayak Punan in Borneo (that they came long before human civilization the planet knows metal), it is understandable if they lack the village civilization and prefer the nomadic ways of life, so they built makeshift homes (generally only huts). Yet even today only a handful of forgiveness Dayak people are still happy to live nomadic, while the majority have built settlements like other Dayak community. In the Dayak Meratus (Hill) in their homes know called Hall. The term Dayak Bukit according Hairus Salim from the local vocabulary in these areas the term "hill" means "the bottom of a tree" aka the base of the tree, which also means "person or group of persons or clumps of the first family is the origin of other people" . Hill said that means "base" shows clearly that their origin stems from Banua hill in West Kalimantan, Bukit term so basically this is not bearti Hill / mountain, just that was already in interpret the meaning of the mountain by outsiders. Bukit Dayak is a society that still holds the old Banjar cultural customs. Tribe Banjar itself if the note of the language is a mixture of languages ​​Biaju Dayak, Dayak Maanyan, Javanese and Bahasa Dayak Kendayan, but by a small group of fanatic Banjar society stated that their ancestors were of Sumatran Malay it can be understood as a result of the influence of Islam ( in the past that the Islamic religion by religion called Dayaks in Malay). If we trace back the history of the formation of Banjar tribes who originated Since the Islamic kingdom of Banjar, there will we know that the king who embraced Islam Banjarmasin first is Suriansyah prince (a mulatto Java-Tamil), He was appointed as king by twelve people Demat Dayak Ngaju and governor Still, who said as a Patih wither. Please be in mind and understand that Prince Suriansyah itself at that time was never ordered for people which consist of people Biaju, Maanyan people, people who thought Kendayan malay (remember at that time the term tribe Kendayan / Kannayatn itself has not been established [10], and as has been mentioned above that the name of one Banua West Kalimantan Dayak Kendayan Banua hill is so clear that the descendants of Dayak communities Banua Kendayan derived from this hill, known as the Dayak Bukit / Meratus in southern Kalimantan) [11]. and a small group of Java to change the name of his tribe. Patih malay? In the history to know that the governor first degree is a degree or a majority of important people or the kings of West Kalimantan Dayak. In the Sumatran governor himself did not have title. In the past the period where traditional beliefs (Kaharingan), Kayau culture and home culture Length (Culture and Housing Length Kayau appear simultaneously purpose longhouse is made for the power is concentrated to face kayau) is not known by the Dayak. Dayak Kendayan sailors have been along the beaches of the island both to the north and south. Dayak Kendayan Sailors who came to northern Borneo to build settlements in the area east of Sarawak and Brunei today, his descendants known as the Dayak tribe Kedayan. while that along the coast to the south borneo build settlements in the midst of Dayak Biaju / Ngaju, people are still wearing Kendayan Dayak Dayak Languages ​​Kendayan. Because the language is similar to Dayak kendayan Malay language, by people Ngaju at about the Malays (remember at that time the term Kendayan / Kannayatn itself has not been established). And Patih There is only one Kendayan Dayak leaders in the land of shoreline in the area. So basically people are defined as Ngaju wither by none other that is not a descendant of the sailors or Dayak Kendayan nomads who did not return. And develop indigenous Dayak traditions and language Kendayan which until now can be seen in the offspring who did not want to embrace Islam, the Dayak tribe called Meratus / Hill. And even the naming of a large river in Central Kalimantan Dayak community are often called stem Biaju Biaju Small, with the name of the Kapuas river, is also the name of the granting by the sailors or the nomads Dayak Kendayan (for the first time they came, the river name is unknown by them), just as the name of great rivers in the region of origin of Kapuas River in West Kalimantan. The point is that the tribe Banjar is a mulatto descendants of Dayak Dayak Kendayan with Biaju, Maanyan Dayak and Javanese migrants slightly.

  • CULTURE LONG EARS

At the present time a unique culture of the Dayak people who can only be witnessed on the Dayak people Stanmenras / clump Apokayan (Kenyah, Kayan and Bahau) and a bit of Dayak Iban and Dayak Punan only, while on the Dayak Others have not been found. Are other Dayak Society does not have this culture? To be honest almost all sub-ethnic Dayaks in the past have only just this tradition has long been left behind. Most of this tradition be abandoned since the arrival of an outsider to Borneo, ie since the arrival of Indian sailors and Arabic as well as Chinese or other ethnic Indonesia to Borneo, with reason to feel ashamed. but others leave this culture in the early days of Dutch colonial rule until the days of Japanese occupation. In the Dayak people who berdialek Banyadu Kendayan for example, from the stories of parents in the village district Tititareng Menyuke darit mentioned that in the Japanese occupation there are a grandmother who maintain Ear length. Sepeninggalan Grandma was then ended the long-term culture of the Dayak ear Banyadu. There is one interesting thing that might be the reason why people are still loyal Apokayan Dayak families maintain the culture of this long ears, if we notice that most indigenous elders or elder person or persons important in the social strata of indigenous Dayak people of this apokayan family is the most women. Women generally tend to be very firm known for maintaining custom or tradition that developed in the community than men, especially if the tradition is already considered part of the customs that must be preserved, then it certainly will be maintained, and especially if the person is important that these women generally always recommend that women remain elongate ear. But even so, over the development period it lately seems to already be in a critical condition in which many women are the Dayak family apokayan long left ear culture in a way to cut it.



  • CULTURE TATTOO

Tattoo on the Dayak community in the past is a physical symbol that directly shows the strata of a person in society. Both men and women alike have tattoos. While the motives of tattoo pictures as well adapted to the prevailing social strata in society. Figure tattoos among ordinary people is different with important people like the Chief, the Baliatn, the Demat and the Commander of the war. This culture of our times seems to also have a lot left out, for various reasons, although a lot of the Dayak-conscious generation to continue to develop it.



  • KAYAU
Kayau words mean as the head hunting community leaders who become enemies, where the head of the quarry will be used in rituals Notokng (The term Dayak Kendayan). So basically is a Kayau not a war between tribes such as the war in the riots that have occurred in Kalimantan, some time ago, that his victims indiscriminately whether an ordinary or an effect on the enemy. Kayau not haphazardly done, as well as enemy characters in the drill, all carefully considered by management. Meanwhile, the number of troops that will be on duty Kayau on the field at least seven people. Kayau generally done in the past against the enemy figures who are most different sub-ethnic Dayak him. Kayau events recorded history and quite famous is the event Kayau Head of the kingdom of King Patih Gumantar Mempawah (Kingdom Dayak Kendayan) West Kalimantan Dayak Kayau forces Biaju / Ngaju Central Kalimantan, although the story circulating among the Dayak Kendayan our times mentions that the name Biaju This often say as Dayak Bidayuh Sungkung, and this is exacerbated by the authors of books about the history of West Kalimantan, which takes for granted the stories in the Community without further explored and even some authors with a trivial mention that this Biaju Dayak has its own island outside simply because hearing Borneo folklore that says that they came wearing Ajong / ship, when in fact an island with Dayak Kendayan just to get to their home areas via rivers and the sea indeed. This happens identified by the prefix word Biaju and Bidayuh who both preceded by the word "Bi" and both had some words sound almost identical (BI-Aju and BI-dAYUh), and whose name must be pretty risky story orally amended . But a very definite and clear words Biaju mentioned explicitly in the story.

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